Posted by: arisfil | February 18, 2008

Aristotelis, the philosopher and brain (encephalos)

 Aristoteles Louvre  Aristotelis, 384-322 BC

Aristotelis (Aristotle or Aristoteles), the ancient Greek philosopher was born in 384 BC in the ancient city of Stagira in the region of Macedonia and died in 322 BC. According to Professor of Psychiatry Ierodiaconou, Aristotelis believed that “the soul is within the body and cannot exist without it”. He believed that the brain was “the coldest of all organs keeping the blood’s temperature mild” implying its mainly inhibitory function at the body. Mind (“nous”) in Aristotelis’ writings is a term mostly used to point to the function of thought and is never connected to the brain as a bodily organ. “De anima” (“Περί ψυχής”) one of the most famous writings of Aristotelis clearly demonstrates the philosopher’s outmost belief of “one (organ)” as the host and coordinator of mental function according to Prof. Ierodiaconou.

Read the open access article of Prof Ierodiaconou (Annals of General Hospital Psychiatry 2003, 2(Suppl 1):S60).  

© 2008 Ierodiaconou CH; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 

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